Geology and mineral deposits of Ochoan rocks in Delaware Basin and adjacent areas

a symposium on Ochoan rocks of southeast New Mexico and west Texas, held May 4, 1977, in Carlsbad, New Mexico by Symposium on the Ochoan Rocks of Southeastern New Mexico and West Texas (1977 Carlsbad, N.M.)

Publisher: New Mexico Bureau of Mines & Mineral Resources in Socorro, N.M

Written in English
Published: Pages: 88 Downloads: 239
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Places:

  • New Mexico,
  • Texas, West

Subjects:

  • Geology, Stratigraphic -- Permian -- Congresses.,
  • Geology -- New Mexico -- Congresses.,
  • Geology -- Texas, West -- Congresses.,
  • Mines and mineral resources -- New Mexico -- Congresses.,
  • Mines and mineral resources -- Texas, West -- Congresses.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographies.

Statementcompiled by George S. Austin in cooperation with 26 other coauthors.
SeriesCircular - New Mexico Bureau of Mines & Mineral Resources ; 159, Circular (New Mexico. Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources) ;, 159.
ContributionsAustin, George S.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsTN24.N6 A235 no. 159, QE674 A235 no. 159
The Physical Object
Pagination88 p. :
Number of Pages88
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4067759M
LC Control Number79620885

Colorado Aquamarine. Aquamarine, a gem variety of the mineral beryl, is the official state gemstone of s prospecting for aquamarine began in the Mt. Antero area in the late s. There, crystals of beryl ranging from water-clear goshenite to deep blue aquamarine can be found, along with a little yellow heliodor and pink morganite.. The best aquamarine finds on Mount Antero have. The geology of New Mexico includes bedrock exposures of four physiographic provinces, with ages ranging from almost million years to nearly the present day. Here the Great Plains, southern Rocky Mountains, Colorado Plateau, and Basin and Range Provinces meet, giving the state great geologically diversity.. The geologic history of the state began with its assembly during the Yavapai and.   Part 2: Stratigraphy. The prequel to this blog post (Part 1: Evolution and Deposition) discussed how the Greater Permian Basin (GPB) formed and was divided into several sub-basins. It continued to uncover why the Midland Basin and the Delaware Basin were different based on variances in sedimentary depositions and tectonics. Most of the state's deposits are located in the Grants Mineral Belt to the northwest, although no mining has taken place there since Other major uranium deposits are found near Moab, Utah in the Paradox Basin; on the San Rafael Swell in central Utah; and near Uravan, Colorado, where the last uranium mine was closed in due to a drop.

The greater Permian Basin comprises several component basins; of these, the Midland Basin is the largest, Delaware Basin is the second largest, and Marfa Basin is the smallest. The Permian Basin covers more t square miles (, km 2), and extends across an area approximately miles ( km) wide and miles ( km) long. The source areas for the basal Kaskaskia sandstones were primarily the eroding highlands of the Appalachian mobile belt area, exhumed Cambrian and Ordovician sandstones cropping out along the flanks of the Ozark Dome, and exposures of the Canadian Shield in the Wisconsin area. the majority of Kaskaskian rocks are carbonates, including reefs. Southern California is one of the most important areas in the world for the production of gem-quality and specimen-quality tourmaline. Numerous mines over the past years have also produced turquoise, garnet, morganite, aquamarine, topaz, kunzite, and many other gems. Several multichannel, common depth point (CDP) seismic reflection profiles concentrated in the area of the entrance to Delaware Bay provide a tie between the known onshore geology of the Coastal Plain of Delaware and the offshore geology of the Baltimore Canyon Trough. The data provide a basis for understanding the geologic framework and petroleum resource potential of the area immediately.

The Delaware Basin constitutes roug square miles, or million acres. The basin extends from the southern New Mexico counties of Eddy and Lea, southward into the west Texas counties of Reeves, Loving, Ward, Winkler, Pecos, and Culberson.. Over the course of time, the Delaware Basin was host to reefs built by microbial organisms, algae, and sponges.   The guidebook covers the geology of the Chuska Mountains region of the central Colorado Plateau, which crosses several major monoclines from the San Juan Basin on the east to the Deviance Plateau on the west. The book focuses on the stratigraphy exposed by the Laramide uplift and subsequent erosion, and on the mid-Tertiary Navajo Volcanic Field.   the basin with some thickening adjacent to the boundary of the Central Basin Platform. Pennsylvanian to Wolfcampian strata in the peripheral areas of the Midland Basin consist mainly of carbonate facies that grade toward the basin into shale and fine-grained siliciclastic. 1. facies. In the central part of the. Figure 5. Summary of petroleum source rock anal yses in McGregor Range and adjacent areas. Devonian Devonian strata are thermally mature, oil-prone source rocks in the McGregor Range. TOC values of the black shales range from to percent. Kerogens are predominantly amorphous and herbaceous types. Although data are very limited because.

Geology and mineral deposits of Ochoan rocks in Delaware Basin and adjacent areas by Symposium on the Ochoan Rocks of Southeastern New Mexico and West Texas (1977 Carlsbad, N.M.) Download PDF EPUB FB2

Circularthe "Geology and mineral deposits of Ochoan rocks in Delaware Basin and adjacent areas," contains 13 ex- panded papers from the 18 oral presentations given at the Ochoan symposium, plus an expanded abstract of one of the papers from the Upper Guadalupian symposium.

Geology and Mineral Deposits of Ochoan Rocks in Delaware Basin and Adjacent Areas [George S. Austin (ed)] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Geology and Mineral Deposits of Ochoan Rocks in Delaware Basin and Adjacent Areas. by George S. Austin. New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources.

Covers mostly the Salt and Potash Deposits of southeastern NM, but Oil, Gas, and some other minerals as well. The Delaware Basin is a geologic depositional and structural basin in West Texas and southern New Mexico, famous for holding large oil fields and for a fossilized reef exposed at the surface.

Guadalupe Mountains National Park and Carlsbad Caverns National Park protect part of the basin. It is part of the larger Permian Basin, itself contained within the Mid-Continent oil province.

In Geology and Mineral Deposits of Ochoan Rocks in Delaware Basin and Adjacent Areas, G.S. Austin, ed., Circular pp. 79 - New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources. In Geology and mineral deposits of Ochoan rocks in Delaware Basin and adjacent areas: New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Circ.

p. 47– Bachman, G. O.,Cenozoic deposits of southeastern New Mexico and an outline of the history of evaporite dissolution: U.S. Geol. Surv. Jour. Research, v.

4, no. 2, p. – Cheeseman, R.J.,Geology and oil/potash resources of Delaware Basin, Eddy and Lea counties, New Mexico, in Austin, G.S., comp., Geology and mineral deposits of Ochoan rocks in Delaware Basin and adjacent areas, in Symposium on the Ochoan Rocks of Southeastern New Mexico and West Texas, Carlsbad, N.

Mex., May 4,Proceedings: New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral. Dean, W.E., and Anderson, R.Y.,Salinity cycles; Evidence for subaqueous deposition of Castile Formation and lower part of Salado Formation, Delaware Basin, Texas and New Mexico, in Austin, G.S., ed., Geology and mineral deposits of Ochoan rocks in Delaware Basin and adjacent areas, in Symposium on the Ochoan Rocks of Southeastern New Mexico and West Texas, Carlsbad, N.

Mex. Dean WE, Anderson RY () Salinity cycles — evidence for deep-water deposition of the Castile and lower Salado formations, Delaware Basin, Texas and New Mexico. In: Austin GA (ed) Geology and mineral deposits of Ochoan rocks in Delaware Basin and adjacent areas.

New Mexico Bur Mines Miner Resour Circ 15–20 Google Scholar. Despite favorable geology and diverse industrial mineral and metal occurrences in Trans-Pecos Texas, t+ square mile (75, square km) area remains underexplored relative to similar.

Timing and origin of ore deposits in the Delaware Basin and Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico and T exas, USA.

International Journal of Speleology, 47 (3), Cheeseman, R. J.,Geology and oil/potash resources of Delaware Basin, Eddy and Lea counties, New Mexico, in Austin, G. S., ed., Geology and mineral deposits of Ochoan rocks in Delaware Basin and adjacent areas: New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral.

Lang, W. B., () Upper Permian formations of Delaware Basin of Texas and New Mexico: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v.

19, no. 2, p. Smith, A. R., () Sulfur deposits in Ochoan rocks of southeast New Mexico and west Texas, in Geology and mineral deposits of Ochoan rocks in. The granite in Great Basin National Park is an igneous rock. The magma was pressed upward and changed the rocks it came into contact with but cooled while yet underground.

Aragonite. This mineral, which forms a characteristic needle-like pattern, is found in Great Basin. Geology of Sulfur-Bearing Strata of the Delaware Basin and Central Basin Platform. Geologic Setting. Stratigraphy of Ochoan Rocks. Rustler Springs Sulfur District. Castile Formation.

Salado Formation. Rustler Formation. Dewey Lake Redbeds. Cox Sandstone and Undifferentiated Surficial Deposits. Fort Stockton Sulfur District. Seven Rivers. Geology and mineral deposits of Ochoan rocks in Delaware Basin and adjacent areas, N.M. Bur. Mines Miner. Resour., Circ., No. (), p. An understanding of the basic geologic characteristics of mineral deposits is crucial to evaluating known deposits and delineating prospective areas of mineralization.

Studies on mineralogy, framework geology, geochronology, and ore deposit genesis can help to better define the characteristics of mineral deposits and can lead to new discoveries of minerals. The Ochoan Series (Permian) in the northern part of the Delaware Basin, southeastern New Mexico, includes in ascending order the Castile, Salado, and Rustler Formations, and the Dewey Lake Red Beds.

The Castile and Salado Formations comprise a seouence of eva~orites which include anhydrite, gypsum, halite, and associated potash salts. Possible sources include origin within the reservoir rock and migration from adjacent shale sections.

Introduction. The Delaware basin of West Texas and southeast New Mexico covers an area about miles long and miles wide. It is a prime example of a large sedimentary basin in which vast amounts Of rock have been deposited. The Geology of Delaware is an online resource for information about the geology and hydrogeology of Delaware.

Information on these pages is explained in general terms although common geologic terminology is used. This book covers the major important factors in Delaware geology as well as latest research.

Additional information is provided at the bottom of some pages and on the last page of the. Geology and Oil/Potash Resources Delaware Basin, Eddy and Lea Counties, New Mexico in Austin, G.S. (compiler), Geology and Mineral Deposits of Ochoan Rocks in Delaware Basin and Adjacent Areas.

New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources. Circular City of Carlsbad. By the end of Castile time, the deep depression of the Delaware Basin had been largely filled by deposits, and the succeeding Salado formation was probably deposited in shallower water.

43 With the filling of the basin, the area of deposition began to spread beyond the basin into the surrounding areas (fig. 14, D). Cheesemen, R. Geology and Oil/Potash Resources Delaware Basin, Eddy and Lea Counties, New Mexico in Geology and Mineral Deposits of Ochoan Rocks in Delaware Basin and Adjacent Areas.

Austin, G.S. (compiler), New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources Circular and Pleistocene geology and the examined deposits of copper-zinc, fluorspar, gravel and sand, manga­ nese, and pegmatite minerals. The fieldwork was done between and Unless otherwise stated in the text, the rock-forming minerals were identified with a flat-stage petrographic microscope; index oils.

western edge of the basin where Permian shelf-edge carbonates and adjacent basinal rocks were uplifted. Downfaulting, both con-temporaneous and later, formed the Salt Basin graben.

These movements tilted the Delaware Basin even more strongly to the east and formed the Guadalupe and Delaware Mountains. Smith, A. R., a, Sulfur deposits in Ochoan rocks of southeast New Mexico and West Texas; in Austin, G.

(compiler), Geology and mineral deposits of Ochoan rocks in Delaware Basin and adjacent areas: New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Circularpp. Austin, G. S., compiler,Geology and mineral deposits of Ochoan rocks in Delaware Basin and adjacent areas: New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Circular88 p.

Austin, G. S., compiler,Industrial rocks and minerals of the southwest: New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Circularp. Salt deposits and dissolution phenomena of the Palo Duro Basin are currently being investigated in detail by the Texas Bureau of Economic Geology (Dutton et al., ; Gustavson et al., a, b, ), and new data from those studies will greatly enhance our knowledge of geohydrologic processes in the region.

The post-Permian history of the Delaware Basin area records the development of an Upper Triassic sag superimposed on the upper Ochoan Basin deposits.

This depression was filled with about 1, feet of terrestrial clastics. The Lower Cretaceous Comanchean sea spread a thin layer of sandstone and limestone completely across the basin.

A forearc basin lies between the subduction zone and the volcanic arc, and may be formed in part by friction between the subducting plate and the overriding plate, which pulls part of the overriding plate down.

The Strait of Georgia is a forearc basin. A foreland basin is caused by the mass of the volcanic range depressing the crust on either side. Geologic maps have provided the key to finding new gold deposits in Nevada. Defining the Problem. The western states contain many gold deposits (Fig. 1), and a zone of faulted sedimentary and igneous rocks in northeastern Nevada, known as the “Carlin” trend, is the most productive region in the country.Chapter heading page for The Geology of Delaware book.The Permian basin of west Texas and Southeastern New Mexico is one of the major petroleum producing regions of the United States.

This basin produced 3% of the world's petroleum in and in that year, 1% of the world's proven reserves were in the Permian basin (Robichaud, ).

Most of the Upper Permian hydrocarbon reservoirs are in San Andres and Grayburg formations (Galloway et al.